When referring to prescription drugs we are mainly referring to drugs that are normally prescribed by a licensed physician or any professional health care provider with the authority to issue prescriptions for medication to treat an authentic diagnosed condition. But when these are abused they are harmful. Addiction, overdose and death attributed to prescription medication has been on the rise in North America.
Classification of Prescription Drugs on the Market
Prescription drugs used for recreational purposes usually falls into one of these four classifications:
Opioids and morphine derivatives: usually referred to as painkillers, these prescription drugs contain opium or opium-related substances that are used to relieve pain. Information on a few of these drugs follow.
Depressants: normally referred to as central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) depressants, they work to slow brain function. They include sedatives (used to make a person calm and drowsy) and tranquilizers (intended to reduce tension or anxiety). Alcohol, Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines are considered depressants. Cannabis is considered a depressants but often put in its own category as a mild psychedelic. (Major psychedelic drugs include LSD, mescaline and hallucinogenic mushrooms.)
Stimulants: a class of prescription drugs intended to increase energy and alertness. These also increase blood pressure, heart rate and breathing. Some well-known street drugs are also stimulants like amphetamine, crystal meth, cocaine, crack cocaine and ecstasy (MDMA). Prescription drugs stimulants are methylphenidate and amphetamines.
Antidepressants: psychiatric type drugs that are expected to handle depression.
Street Names for Prescription Drugs
Prescription drugs are also known as:
Opioids: Hillbilly heroin, oxy, OC, oxycotton, percs, happy pills, vikes.
Depressants: barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets; candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks; A-minus, zombie pills.
Stimulants: Skippy, the smart drug, Vitamin R, bennies, black beauties, roses, hearts, speed, uppers.
Antidepressants: bars, handle bars, xan bars, xanies, footballs.
Some drugs like Zyprexa, Seroquel and Haldol, are known as “major tranquilizers” or “anti-psychotics,” because they are supposed to reduce the symptoms of mental illness. Depressants such as Xanax, Klonopin, Halcion are often referred to as “benzos” (short for benzodiazepine).
Then there are depressants, such as Valium, Numbutal and Seconal, they are classed as barbiturates—drugs that are used as sedatives and sleeping pills.
These drugs come in multicolored tablets and capsules or in liquid form.
Short Term Effects:
Difficulty or inability to urinate
Slow brain function
Lack of coordination
Slowed pulse and breathing
Lowered blood pressure
Can produce depression, sleep problems, breathing difficulties, chronic fatigue and sexual problems. On a psychological level; jumbled memories, mental blanks, difficulty remembering, and strain with simple mental exercises, stupidity. As a dependency to the drug increases; cravings, anxiety or panic are common if the user is unable to get more.
Withdrawal symptoms include insomnia, weakness and nausea. For continual and high-dose users, agitation, high body temperature, delirium, hallucinations, paranoia and convulsions can occur. Unlike withdrawal from other drugs, withdrawal from depressants can be life-threatening and proper advice should be sought after from a professional medical physician and certified detox counselor is strongly advised for anyone attempting to stop the use of such drugs.
If you or someone close to you is struggling to quit their abuse of some prescription drug please contact one of our Drug Rehab Referral Counselors for immediate counsel as to the best way to deal with such issues. We can help but you need to make the call.