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If you or someone you know needs drug addiction treatment help for amphetamines or sometimes known as speed, and you are looking on our page to get more information (below) and hopefully some help, you have come to the right page. We help people find drug addiction treatment centers; our service is free and confidential and there is no obligation on your part when you contact us.
One of the composition for amphetamine is methylated phenylethylamine. Methamphetamine is basically twice the methylated phenylethylamine that is the basic difference between both these drugs. A part from that the two drugs are almost identical. Causing the same side effects, same dangers and same potential for overdose as well as the same risk of physical dependence and addiction.
Amphetamine is also referred to as Speed. Like cocaine, it’s a stimulant meaning it increases a person’s ability to stay awake and even increase focus. It raises the levels of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain and when these chemicals are increased, a person will feel a sense of euphoria and an increase in energy
Speed, whiz, uppers, amph, billy, sulphate, grudge, dexys, blues, base, ups, wake ups, bennies, dexies, black beauties, jollies, crazy medicine, yaba and crazy horse.
Amphetamines are stimulant drugs and their effects are very much like an adrenaline rush, with breathing and heart rate increasing. The appetite is also suppressed and users feel energetic and confident, with the effects usually lasting for several hours. The body’s temperature increases, the pupils will become dilated, and there is an increased risk of dehydration.
What are Amphetamines?
Amphetamines are man-made drugs that have a bitter taste and usually come as a white, greyish white, pale pink or yellow powder, and sometimes as a brightly colored tablet. Amphetamines can be snorted, swallowed, injected, dissolved in a drink or smoked.
These substances have only limited medical application because of their abuse and harm potential. In Canada, they are used in the treatment of narcolepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Parkinson’s.
They are manufactured by pharmaceutical companies for medical use, while most are manufactured by illegal labs for non-medical purposes. Amphetamines, also referred to as amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), were developed in the 1920s to treat depression and obesity, but stringent controls have greatly reduced medical use in Canada.
These substances are powerful stimulants with effects similar to cocaine. At low doses they generally include increased alertness and energy, a feeling of well-being, decreased appetite, rapid heartbeat and breathing, increased blood pressure, sweating, dilated pupils, and dry mouth. A person may become talkative, restless or excited, or may feel powerful, superior, aggressive or hostile, or may behave in a bizarre, repetitive fashion.
Appearance and Use;
Amphetamines like speed are usually sold in wraps like cocaine. The powder is off-white or pinkish and can sometimes look like small crystals. Base speed is purer and is a pinkish-grey colour and feels like putty.
Prescription amphetamines like dexamphetamine are usually small white pills.
Speed’s either dabbed onto the gums or sniffed in lines like cocaine using a rolled up bank note. Sometimes it’s rolled up in cigarette paper and swallowed. This is called a speed-bomb. It can be mixed in drinks, or injected.
The effects kick in after about half an hour if ingested but much quicker if injected or smoked (methamphetamine) and can last for up to six hours. But it all depends on the quality of the speed. The high is followed by a long slow comedown.
- Speed makes people feel wide awake, excited and chatty. Clubbers take it because it gives them the energy to dance for hours without getting knackered.
- Speed was once the main ingredient in diet pills because it stops people feeling hungry.
There is a flip side:
- It’s impossible to sit still or sleep on speed
- The come down can make users feel irritable and depressed and can last for one or two days.
- Speed makes some people panicky. Sniff a lot in a short space of time and expect hallucinations.
What Are the Risks?
The regular use of amphetamines means the body develops a tolerance, and larger doses of the drug will be required to achieve the same high, which can lead to addiction.
Anybody who takes amphetamines for long enough may suffer from paranoia, delusions and hallucinations, as well as risking infections such as hepatitis and HIV through contaminated needles. Some users become tense and anxious after taking amphetamines, and can be tired and depressed for several days. High repeated doses could lead to panic attacks, hallucinations, and also place a serious strain on the heart.
The comedown from just one use can take a couple of days, sometimes longer, and concentration and memory will be affected. Subsequently, heavy long-term use can also lead to problems with mental illness. An overdose of amphetamines can be fatal and mixing amphetamines with other drugs increases the danger significantly.
- Avoid taking speed and anti-depressants or alcohol. This combination has been known to be fatal.
- Speed puts a strain on your heart. It’s bad news for people with high blood pressure or a heart condition. An overdose can be fatal.
- Taking a lot of speed can give your immune system a battering. You could get more colds, flu and sore throats if you use it a lot.
- Speed can lead to anxiety, depression, irritability and aggression as well as mental illness such as psychosis and paranoid feelings.
- Too much sniffing speed and you’re sneezing lumps out of your nose into a hanky.
- Injecting any drug can cause vein damage, ulcers and gangrene. Dirty or shared needles and injecting works can help the spread of hepatitis and HIV. Injecting speed is particularly dangerous because it’s cut with so much crap.
Sources: National Institute on Drug Abuse
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