Adderall is a prescription medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD. It is also prescribed to people who experience excessive daytime sleepiness and who fall asleep uncontrollably during the day. Adderall contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine which are central nervous system stimulants.
Adderall may be habit-forming, and this medicine is a drug of abuse. Stimulants such as Adderall have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in people with high blood pressure, heart disease, or a heart defect.
Adderall is available in tablet form or in an extended-release capsule. There are various dosages recognizable by their shapes, colors, and sizes.
- Adderall 5 mg – white to off-white, round, flat-faced beveled edge tablet
- Adderall 7.5 mg – blue, oval, biconvex tablet
- Adderall 10 mg – blue, round, biconvex tablet
- Adderall 12.5 mg – peach, round, flat-faced beveled edge tablet
- Adderall 15 mg – peach, oval, biconvex tablet
- Adderall 20 mg – peach, round, biconvex tablet
- Adderall 30 mg – peach, round, flat-faced beveled edge tablet
- Capsules are either amber color or half blue, half-transparent, or half white.
Recreational Use of Adderall
Taken recreationally, Adderall is often taken by crushing it and snorting it to intensify the high. The side effects of snorting include respiratory problems, irregular heartbeat, circulation problems, psychosis, and increased aggression.
Prolonged use can cause negative changes in brain activity, and severe withdrawal problems like depression, psychosis, restlessness, and agitation. Abusing the drug can also be fatal.
Adderall with alcohol
Individuals have reported the use of Adderall to offset the effects of alcohol. They do not get as drunk as they would when taking Adderall. Which can result in serious impairment, including death from alcohol poisoning.
Signs of Abuse
Physical tolerance, the user needs larger doses to achieve the high, is a sign a person is addicted to Adderall. Also, the individual may feel that without the drug they cannot have a normal life and to deal with everyday situations. Going without a regular dose may make them unreasonable, agitated and in some cases, they can become aggressive.
Chronic long-term abuse signs are:
- Severe rash
- Personality changes
The most severe symptom of abuse is psychosis, which is often clinically indistinguishable from schizophrenia.
Overdose Signs and Symptoms
Initial signs of an overdose include:
- Panic states
After this, the patient will experience these symptoms:
- Cardiovascular and gastrointestinal symptoms
You should call 911 immediately if you suspect that someone they know has overdosed on Adderall.
Individuals addicted to Adderall who stops taking the drug will experience withdrawal symptoms like these:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Stomach cramps or pain
- Aching muscles
These symptoms usually encourage the individual to get more of the drug.
More serious withdrawal side effects include:
- Partial loss of vision
- Kidney and liver damage
If you know someone who is addicted to Adderall and need help finding a private drug rehab center call our referral counselors. Call 1-888-488-8434.