Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in Canada, along with cannabis. It is estimated that roughly 15% of Canadians who consume alcohol do so above Canada’s low-risk alcohol drinking guidelines.
In 2017, the hospitalization rates because of alcohol reached 249 per 100,000, which was on par with the rate of heart attacks. Hospitalizations because of alcohol were thirteen times higher than for opioids. In 2014, alcohol contributed to 22% of all substance use attributable deaths.
It is a dangerous addiction that causes life-threatening withdrawal symptoms and physical dependency. In addition, it is common that other drugs to be abused, such as prescription opioids or benzodiazepines. The combination of these drugs results in potentially deadly withdrawal symptoms.
The exact timing when withdrawal symptoms occur is different for each person. Some of the common withdrawal symptoms include:
A rare condition occurs when withdrawal symptoms are mismanaged, or medical attention is not sought. The result can be violent seizures, delirium tremens, or even death.
The severity of withdrawal symptoms depends on how much is consumed, how often, and how long alcohol was consumed. In addition, older adults are at an increased risk of severe withdrawal symptoms, seizures, and other health complications.
Overall, the exact time differs for each person. Still, withdrawal symptoms generally begin within 6 to 24 hours after the last drink was consumed.
For the first 6 to 12 hours—withdrawal symptoms are mild. They may include insomnia, tremors, anxiety, headaches, sweating, heart palpitations, and loss of appetite.
12 to 24 hours—Generally, individuals begin to experience auditory or visual hallucinations.
24 to 48 hours—During this time, there is an increased risk of seizures, especially if the individual has a history of seizures.
48 to 72 hours—At this time, there is an increased risk of delirium tremens, agitation, hallucinations, disorientation, high blood pressure, fever, and sweating.
There are significant benefits to proper withdrawal management with alcohol addiction or other drug addiction. The purpose of detox is to prepare a person for drug rehab. Substance use treatment centers will not allow a patient to enter drug rehab unless they are adequately detoxed or have been sober for a number of days or weeks.
Additionally, withdrawal management is vital for anyone with underlying medical conditions who face an increased risk of severe withdrawal and life-threatening withdrawal symptoms.
Finally, the primary benefit of adequate withdrawal management is constant medical supervision. Anything could happen while withdrawing from alcohol and other drugs. Having proper medical support and supervision ensures emergencies are correctly managed.